Caraway has been used as a spice for about 5000 years. Originally from temperate Asian countries.
Tastes good with/in soups, sauces, stews, fish, breads, tomato juice, relishes, pickles, chutneys, egg dishes (especially omelettes) and salad dressings.
Chillies contain capsaicin, which is the source of their fiery flavour. It is an oily substance, not water soluable, that can be painful in contact with eyes or other sensitive areas. Measured in Scoville units ranging from 0 to 300,000.
Tastes good with/in - curries, soups, stews, chicken, seafood (especially prawns), coconut-based sauces and lamb.
The name derives from the Latin mustum ardens, or burning must. Named for, as the seeds were pounded with grape juice, or must, their pungent qualities developed, hence 'burning'.
Originally from south Mexico, it was adopted by the Spanish and Hungary. Members of the capsicum family, they are rich in vitamin C.